A dental crown is a versatile restoration that has many uses in dentistry. Commonly known as caps, crowns cover up the entire visible part of a tooth. The crown protects the tooth against bite forces, acids, and bacteria in the mouth while restoring its appearance.Crowns can be made from a variety of materials, but porcelain…
How Cosmetic Dentistry Can Save a Smile After Gum Disease
Although cosmetic dentistry to many people suggests procedures that beautify the smile, some of the procedures in this dentistry field can be restorative as well. Some can make a significant difference in a person’s oral health, especially after gum disease. These procedures repair gum tissue loss around the teeth. Although they help to beautify the smile, they also help to save the teeth.
Gum disease and cosmetic treatments
The gums are not resistant to disease. Gum disease is a bacterial infection caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth due to bad oral hygiene and can cause gum tissues to shrink (recede) or detach from the teeth. Gum recession exposes the areas around the tooth roots. Patients suffering from gum disease will experience tooth pain or sensitivity when consuming hot or cold drinks, and without protection for the tooth roots, their risk of developing tooth decay increases.
The focus of gum recession treatment is to stop gum disease progression by removing plaque. Depending on accumulation, the dentist can perform dental procedures like root planing and scaling to eliminate plaque and tartar around the gum area. In milder cases of gum recession, treating the infection usually promotes gum tissue healing and stimulates the reattachment of the gums to the teeth.
With this method, the dentist can reinvigorate gum tissues successfully if the recession is detected before reaching the tooth roots. However, in advanced cases of gum recession, natural gum healing may not do much in correcting diminished gums. In such situations where there is enough gum tissue attachment, performing a gum graft can help promote the growth of new tissues. Although the material for a gum tissue graft is obtainable from animal or human donors, the dentist will likely take the material from the patient.
For example, gingival grafting requires the dentist to take a thin layer of skin that looks like gum tissue, usually from the mouth roof, shape the tissue and graft it through suturing to the recessed area. The donor and recipient area should heal in about two to three weeks. This procedure demands excellent skills and expertise, as well as cosmetic sense, to obtain an outcome that is not only functional but attractive as well.
Connective tissue grafting
Another cosmetic dentistry method that can help is connective tissue grafting, particularly when there is severe root exposure. For this treatment, the dentist will remove partial donor tissue from beneath the surface of the patient’s palate and leave the part containing blood vessels untouched. The tissue is grafted to the recessed area where the adjacent tissue covers it. Known as a pedicle or flap, the tissue graft continues to get blood supply from the donor site. This connection promotes healing and increases the chances that the graft will become fully attached to the new site.
The dentist may also perform gum contouring and shaping after treating gum disease. The cosmetic procedure changes the shape of the gums and restores recessed gum tissue.
Cosmetic dentistry is necessary to restore the appearance of the gum and teeth after gum disease. The dentist will evaluate your condition and recommend the best treatment. To learn more, contact the dental office to book an appointment.
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